Schwarzbard, Shalom

(1886-1938)
   Russian Yiddish poet. He was born in Izmail, Bessarabia. He was active in the revolutionary movement of 1905, and in 1906 fled from Russia to Paris, where he worked as a watchmaker. In World War I he served in the French Foreign Legion, but in 1917 he returned to Russia, where he joined the Red Guard. In 1920 he went on a mission to Paris to assassinate Simon Petlyura, who had carried out pogroms in the Ukraine. His autobiography Inem Iloyf fun yoren describes his experiences.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • Schwarzbard, Shalom — (1886–1938)    Assassin of PETLYURA. Having been involved in the Russian revolution of 1905, Schwarzbard escaped to Paris and earned a living as a watchmaker. He wrote a number of Yiddish poems. He fought with distinction in the French Foreign… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Sholom Schwartzbard — (August 18, 1886, Izmail, Bessarabia, now Ukraine ndash; March 3, 1938, Cape Town, South Africa) was a Bessarabian born Jewish anarchist known primarily for the assassination of the Ukrainian politician Symon Petliura. He was known in Russia as… …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel Schwartzbard — Sholom Schwartzbard Reḥov Hanoqem (Rue du Vengeur) à Beer Sheva, en Israël, rendant hommage à Sholem Schwarzbard Sho …   Wikipédia en Français

  • TORRÈS, HENRY — (1891–1966), French lawyer and politician. Born in Les Andelys, Torrès practiced law in Bordeaux and in 1919 moved to Paris. A communist in his youth, he published Histoire d un complot (1921) protesting against the arrest of militant communists… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • POGROME — ou POGROM Terme russe désignant un assaut, avec pillage et meurtres, d’une partie de la population contre une autre, et entré dans le langage international pour caractériser un massacre de Juifs en Russie. Perpétrés entre 1881 et 1921, les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Petlyura, Simon — (1879–1926)    Ukrainian nationalist leader. Petlyura headed the anti Bolshevik nationalist government and army in the Ukraine in the civil war after the Russian revolution in 1917. His Cossack bands pillaged, raped and massacred the Jewish… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • ARCHIVES — ARCHIVES, (a) a place where old records are collected and preserved in an orderly fashion in their entirety, as well as groups of interrelated documents originating from individuals or a public body ( historical archives ); registers and filing… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • COMITÉ DES DELEGATIONS JUIVES — (Committee of Jewish Delegations), body established at the end of World War I, at the initiative of the Zionist Organization, to alert the Paris peace conference to the grave situation of the Jews in various European countries and to obtain… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PETLIOURA (S. V.) — PETLIOURA SEMEN VASSILIEVITCH (1877 1926) Un des fondateurs, en 1905, du Parti ouvrier social démocrate ukrainien, Petlioura est le plus connu de ceux qui essayèrent, entre 1917 et 1920, de conserver à l’Ukraine son indépendance toute récente.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LAWYERS — Introduction Although Jews were noted advocates at Brighegua near Toledo, Spain, as early as 1436, and though converted Jews were prominent lawyers in South America in the 17th century, Jews were generally prevented from practicing law in most of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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